The title for the world’s first crossword puzzle is disputed. The first puzzle that was called a “cross word puzzle” was written in 1862 by Our Young Folks in the United States. The first “cross word” was “dream”.Crossword puzzles are said to be the most popular and widespread word game in the world, yet have a short history. The first crosswords appeared in England during the 19th century. They were of an elementary kind, apparently derived from the word square, a group of words arranged so the letters read alike vertically and horizontally, and printed in children’s puzzle books and various periodicals.
Have all players agree on the dictionary that will be used for the game. Any words, including names that are capitalized, and prefix or suffixes are not permissible for Scrabble words.
Gather all of the 100 game tiles, and place them into the cloth drawstring bag. If there is no bag, place them face down on the table next to the game board, within easy reach of each player. Have each player draw a tile to determine who has the first play of the game. The letter closest to “A” is the game starter, unless someone draws a blank tile, which is the highest tile for game start. Add the tiles back to the bag, and shake it up to mix well. Select one of the four tile racks. Draw seven tiles from the bag, and pass to the next player to do the same. Arrange the tiles on the tile rack to see what words you can make. Take notice of the colored squares on the game board. These are “premium squares.” The center star must always be covered with the first play of the game. Notice that tiles have tiny numbers on them. These are points that will be tallied. Read the various premium squares on the board. If a word is placed on one of these squares, the player will earn more points. For example, if a player has ten points from a word with the number tally, and it covers the premium square that reads “double the word value,” the player’s score will be 20 points. Allow the first player to place the first word onto the board, horizontally or vertically, remembering to cover the star space.
No diagonal or backward words are allowed. Count up the letter numbers, and announce the score. Write score onto a tally sheet. Player should draw the number of tiles that he used, and place the new tiles on the rack. The racks should always have seven tiles on them during game play. Have player two place a new word onto the board, using a letter from the first word to link the two. A new word must be made at right angles to a word, or parallel to another word, as long as all adjacent words make sense, or encapsulate a word on the board. You can add one letter to an existing word to create a new word. For example, cubit can become cubits from the photo shown in the image. All words must connect. Remember that no tile can be removed after it comes into play. The first word to be placed on a premium square can claim the extra points, but no additional word can. Blanks can be used for any letter to make to complete a word. They are worth zero points.Add 50 points to total score for a turn where all seven tiles are played for a word. This is called “Bingo.”Challenge any word that you believe is spelled incorrectly or does not exist in the dictionary. The dictionary can be used at this point to prove the challenge. If the word is unacceptable, the player must remove the tiles, and lose a turn. If the word is acceptable, the challenger loses the next turn.Give up a turn to exchange all of your tiles when you cannot play a word. This will make the next turn easier to play.End the game play when all the letters have been drawn, and one player has used all of the letters on his rack.Tally the score on each letter that is unused, and add it to the score of the player that has used up all of her tiles. The player with the highest score wins the game of Scrabble.